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[篇章] Keystone Habit 核心习惯

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发表于 2021-4-8 10:21:34 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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Most of us want to improve our lives. But for that to happen, we need to adopt certain positive habits. Fundamentally speaking, habits play a key role in our day to day lives. But not all habits are created equal. Some can have a much bigger impact than others. This is why it’s important that we learn to identify these habits and develop them. Charles Duhigg, author of the book: The Power of Habit, calls them“keystone habits.”

大多数人都想改善自己的生活。但前提是,我们需要培养一些积极习惯。一般来说,习惯在日常生活中十分重要。但习惯各有不同。有些习惯产生的影响是其它习惯无法企及的。因此,发现这些习惯并培养它们很重要。《习惯的力量》一书的作者查尔斯·杜希格称这类习惯为“核心习惯”。

So what is a keystone habit? To put it simply, a keystone habit is a single habit that allows for other habits in your life to be sustained. It’s not much different from a normal habit, it’s just that it has the most potential to transform your entire life. That’s because keystone habits spark a chain reaction that can have a domino effect and other habits take hold. And often we’re not even consciously trying to form all those other habits, they’re just a byproduct of the keystone habit.

那么,什么是核心习惯呢?简言之,核心习惯是一个能维持其他生活习惯的习惯。和一般习惯不同的是,它具有改变整个生活的最大潜力。因为核心习惯会引发连锁反应,即多米诺骨牌效应,其它习惯也会自然形成,而且我们往往并未刻意培养那些习惯,它们只是核心习惯的副产品。

Let me give you an example. This is Mike. One day he decided that he wanted to make a change in his life. He realized that all he did was work and spend time at home, watching TV and playing video games. So Mike decided to pick up a healthy new hobby, which was exercise. He bought a gym membership and made a commitment to train there, at least 3 times per week. Now unbeknown to Mike, his new exercise habit would slowly create other new positive habits.

举个例子。有个人叫迈克。一天,他突然想改变自己的生活,因为他意识到自己不是在工作,就是窝在家里看电视、打游戏。所以迈克决定培养一种健康的习惯——运动。他办了一张健身卡,决定一周至少去三次健身房。谁知道迈克的运动新习惯竟然带来了一连串好习惯。

Mike was a regular smoker, but once he started exercising, he found himself smoking less and less. Cigarettes were Mike’s way of dealing with the stress at his job, but exercise offered a much better alternative for stress management. Because Mike was worn out after his workouts, his sleep improved. He fell asleep faster and had less awakenings during the night. As a result, his energy throughout the day skyrocketed. He became more productive at work and was even able to land a promotion.

迈克以前经常抽烟。但自从他开始运动,他发现自己抽烟越来越少了。香烟曾是他缓解工作压力的方式,但运动成为了压力管理的更好替代选项。运动后的迈克精疲力尽,睡眠质量也提高了,而且入睡很快,夜间不会频繁醒来了。结果他一整天都精神饱满。他的工作更有效率,甚至会得到升职。

Mike even picked up cooking as a new hobby, so he could eat more protein rich meals to make more progress at the gym. And because he was now cooking most of his meals, he started saving money, since he wasn’t eating out at expensive restaurants all the time. Mike became a completely new person in the span of 6 months. But he didn’t try to make all these changes at first. The only change he committed to was exercising 3 times per week. It’s just that his commitment had a domino effect and he formed other habits as a result.

迈克还养成了烹饪的新爱好,这样他就可以吃更多富含蛋白质的饭菜,在健身房取得更大的进步。由于大多数时候自己做饭,他存下了钱,毕竟没有总去外面昂贵的饭店吃饭了。六个月后迈克成了一个全新的人。而他一开始并没有想做出这些改变,他下定决心做的改变不过是一周三次的运动,只是他的决心产生了多米诺骨牌效应,最终催生了其它好习惯。

This is the power of keystone habits. Just one change can lead to an avalanche of other changes. And stories like these are not uncommon. There are many people who attribute a single habit change, to their life transformation. However if you take away their keystone habit, all other habits tend to become less stable, and sometimes they completely crumble and fall apart. That is why you need to protect the positive keystone habit at any cost.

这就是核心习惯的威力。一个改变可以导致一连串的改变。这样的例子数不胜数。许多人只通过养成一个习惯,就使生活大为改观。但如果你失去了核心习惯,那其它习惯往往就会动摇,甚至有时完全分崩离析,所以你要不惜任何代价维护你那个积极的核心习惯。
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发表于 2021-4-8 16:20:21 | 显示全部楼层
111111111111111111111111
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发表于 2021-4-8 20:28:44 | 显示全部楼层
感谢分享
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发表于 2021-4-12 10:30:14 | 显示全部楼层
核心习惯
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发表于 2021-4-14 11:17:15 | 显示全部楼层
thanks for sharing
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