David 发表于 2018-3-18 17:34:34

2016-06-27 李克强总理第十届夏季达沃斯论坛致辞

李克强总理在第十届夏季达沃斯论坛上的致辞
中国天津
2016年6月27日

Address by Premier Li Keqiang at the Opening Ceremony Of the Tenth Annual Meeting of the New Champions
Tianjin, 27 June 2016
http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XMTYyMjQwNjE5Mg==.html
中文原声视频
http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XMTc1MjUxNjI4MA==.html
英文同传视频

尊敬的施瓦布主席先生,
尊敬的各位政府首脑,
尊敬的各位贵宾,
女士们、先生们,朋友们:

Professor Klaus Schwab,
Distinguished Heads of Government,
Distinguished Guests,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

很高兴和大家在天津又一次相聚。首先,我代表中国政府,对夏季达沃斯论坛的召开,表示热烈祝贺!对各位远道而来的嘉宾和媒体界的朋友,表示诚挚欢迎。

It's a great pleasure to meet you again in Tianjin. At the outset, I wish to congratulate, on behalf of the Chinese government, the opening of the Annual Meeting of the New Champions, and extend sincere welcome to all our guests coming from afar and friends from the press.

本次论坛是第十届在中国举办的夏季达沃斯论坛。中国有句古话叫做“十年树木”。如果把这个论坛比作树木的话,经过十年的成长,特别是各位的精心培育,可以说现在已经枝繁叶茂,每年都有累累的硕果。这不仅向世界展示着中国改革开放和现代化建设的进程,而且也为中国和世界共同走向发展和繁荣提供重要的平台,提供智慧和力量。

This is the tenth Annual Meeting of the New Champions, or the Summer Davos, as it is known. There is a Chinese saying which goes, "It takes ten years to grow a tree." If we could compare the Summer Davos to a tree, after ten years of careful nurturing, it has grown into a luxuriant tree with bountiful fruits. It has showcased to the world the process and achievements of China's reform, opening up and modernization. It has also contributed wisdom and strength to the common development and prosperity of China and the world.

大家都知道,国际金融危机爆发8年过去了,但是世界经济的复苏远不及预期,全球投资贸易增长低迷,大宗商品和金融市场 不时动荡,发达国家和新兴经济体走势分化,地缘政治的风险加大,不稳定的因素增多。

When the international financial crisis broke out eight years ago, countries resorted to various policy tools to grapple with the crisis and stimulate growth. Eight years on, recovery of the world economy has fallen far short of people's expectations: global trade and investment are lackluster; commodities and financial markets have experienced volatility from time to time; growth prospects of developed and emerging economies are diverging; and geopolitical risks and destabilizing factors are both on the rise.

前几天英国公投脱欧,对国际金融市场的影响已经显现,世界经济的不确定性进一步增加。在此情况下,推动世界经济复苏和各国经济增长,需要共同应对挑战,提振信心,来营造稳定的国际环境,共同寻求治本之策。

Just a few days ago, the UK voted to leave the EU in a referendum. This is already making an impact on the international financial markets and adding to the uncertainties in the world economy. Against such a backdrop, to promote world economic recovery and the growth of all economies, we need to make joint efforts to tackle challenges, strengthen confidence, foster a stable international environment and find solutions to address root causes of the problems we face.

这里我也想说,欧洲是中国重要的合作伙伴,中方将继续致力于维护好发展好中欧、中英关系。我们希望看到一个团结、稳定的欧盟,也希望看到一个稳定、繁荣的英国。在全球化的大背景下,各国都不可能离开世界经济环境去谈本国的发展,所以需要携手共进。

European countries are important partners for China. Under the new circumstances, China will continue to maintain and grow its relations with the EU and the UK. We hope to see a united and stable EU and a stable and prosperous UK.

这次论坛以“第四次工业革命——转型的力量”为主题,可以说也为人们寻求发展转型提供了新的视角,具有现实意义。我愿意提几点想法和大家交流。

The theme of the forum, "the Fourth Industrial Revolution and its Transformational Impact", offers people a new perspective and is thus forward-looking and relevant. Let me share with you a few thoughts in this connection.

第一,推动世界经济稳定复苏,需要积极实施结构性改革。解决世界经济深层次的矛盾和问题,既要加强需求管理,又要着力推进结构性改革,以消除“病灶”。各国情况尽管不尽相同,但总的方向还是要针对经济失衡,重点推进财政金融改革,放松管制,促进竞争,支持创新,扩大开放,协力促进世界经济强劲、可持续、平衡增长。

First, to promote steady recovery of the world economy, we must actively carry out structural reform. To address the deep-seated problems in the world economy, we need to both strengthen demand management and advance structural reform to eliminate the root causes that trigger problems. Countries may face different situations, yet they should all move toward addressing economic imbalance by way of promoting fiscal and financial reform, easing regulation, facilitating competition, supporting innovation and expanding opening up, and should all work together to ensure strong, sustainable and balanced growth of the world economy.

第二,推动世界经济复苏,必须加快转变转型升级。全球经济摆脱困境,最终还是要靠转变发展方式,结构性改革实际上也是要推动新旧动能的转变。世界新一轮科技革命和产业革命孕育兴起,为此提供了历史性机遇,这会有力地推动新经济的成长和传统产业的改造。各方应因势利导,把政策的着力点放到转型升级上,增强经济发展的新动力。

Second, to promote steady recovery of the world economy, we must speed up economic transformation and upgrading. For the world economy to walk out of the woods, the ultimate solution lies in shifting the growth model and replacing old growth drivers with new ones at a faster pace. The advent of a new round of technological and industrial revolution has provided a historical opportunity for this. The emergence of new technologies, new tools and new materials, which are of pace-setting and transformational significance, has given a strong boost to the growth of the new economy and the upgrading of traditional industries. Countries should follow this prevailing trend by focusing their policies on supporting economic transformation and upgrading, and strengthen the new drivers of economic growth.

第三,推动世界经济稳定复苏,离不开高效有序的全球治理。面对共同的挑战,惟有同舟共济,才能立己达人,这是正道通途。各国应采取更多增长友好型政策,加强宏观政策协调,坚定不移地推进贸易和投资自由化、便利化,致力于构建更加公平、公正、开放的国际经济体系。世界主要经济体在制定宏观政策时,不仅要考虑自身的增长,也要考虑其外溢性的影响,因为我们都在这个地球村上生活。

Third, to promote steady recovery of the world economy, we will need efficient and orderly global governance. In the face of common challenges, we need to uphold the spirit of solidarity and work for common progress. This is a sure way for us to move forward. Countries need to adopt more growth-friendly policies, strengthen macro policy coordination, steadfastly advance trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, firmly oppose protectionism and build a fairer, more just and open international economic system. The world's major economies, while making macro-economic policies, should consider not just their own growth needs but also the spillover effects of their policies. This September, the G20 Summit will be held in Hangzhou, China. The ongoing Summer Davos has a special session on "China's G20 Agenda". I find it highly relevant as it will contribute insights and recommendations to China's hosting of the G20 Hangzhou Summit.

女士们、先生们!

Ladies and Gentlemen,

经过多年的快速增长,中国经济进入了新常态。面对持续较大的经济下行压力,我们没有搞“大水漫灌”式的强刺激,而是创新宏观调控方式,大力推进结构性改革,着力培育新动能,改造提升传统动能。这几年,保持了经济的稳定增长,经济的增速居世界主要经济体的前列,而且结构调整取得了积极进展。

Having experienced years of rapid growth, China's economic development has now entered a new normal. In the face of mounting downward economic pressure, we have not resorted to indiscriminate strong stimulus. Instead, we have focused on exploring new models of macro control, vigorously advanced structural reform, and concentrated our efforts on cultivating new drivers of growth while upgrading traditional ones. As a result, we have maintained steady economic development, ranking among top of the world's major economies in terms of growth speed, and made positive progress in structural adjustment.

一路走来,可以说充满风险和挑战,但是令人欣慰的是新动能呈快速增长态势,尽管目前在规模上还难以和传统的动能等量齐观,但它在保障就业、增加收入、促进转型升级方面,乃至在推动发展方面,正在发挥着越来越大的作用。假以时日,异军突起的新动能必将撑起未来中国经济的新天地。正像本次会议的主题一样,我们正在拥抱着新的产业革命。

The journey we traveled these years has been fraught with risks and challenges, and we have made painstaking efforts along the way. Nevertheless, it is encouraging to see that new drivers in the economy are rapidly growing. Although they cannot yet compare with traditional drivers in size, they do play a bigger role in sustaining development, securing employment, and promoting economic transformation. Given time, the rise of the new drivers will open up new prospects for the Chinese economy.

今年以来,在世界经济增长继续放缓的背景下,中国经济运行总体平稳、稳中有进,保持在合理区间,的确来之不易。今年一季度经济增长6.7%,进入二季度以来继续保持稳定增长。夏粮有望再获丰收,工业企业效益回稳提升,服务业较快发展,市场销售平稳增长,CPI基本稳定、PPI降幅收窄,能耗强度和主要污染物排放继续下降。特别是就业保持稳定,1-5月城镇新增就业人数就达到577万人,完成了全年目标任务的58%;5月份31个大城市城镇调查失业率为5.02%,这几年一直保持在这样一个水平。

This year, despite continued slowdown in global growth, the Chinese economy has on the whole maintained stability while making steady progress, and has performed within the appropriate range. This is indeed not easy. China's GDP expanded by 6.7% in the first quarter of the year, and registered steady growth in the second quarter. Summer grain production is expected to be another bumper harvest. Corporate profits in the industrial sector are steadily rising. The service industry is growing rapidly, and market sales are steadily expanding. CPI is basically stable, the drop in PPI has narrowed, and energy intensity and emissions of major pollutants have continued to fall. In particular, the employment situation is stable. In the first five months of this year, 5.77 million new urban jobs were created, completing 58% of the annual employment target. The surveyed unemployment rate of 31 major cities in May was 5.02%.

上半年中国经济稳定发展,还表现在改革创新和调整转型有新的进展。我们通过简政放权、放管结合、优化服务改革和促进大众创业、万众创新。新增市场主体平均每天4万户;其中新增的企业就有1.3万户,今年1-5月份的增长速度高于推进这方面改革的前两年。

An important reason the Chinese economy has maintained steady growth in the first half of the year is that reform, innovation, adjustment and transformation have all played an important role. Reform efforts to streamline administration, delegate power and improve government services have given a strong boost to mass entrepreneurship and innovation, and further unleashed development potential. Now every day in China, some 40,000 new market entities are being created, including over 13,000 new enterprises. Such increase is bigger than the previous two years and has given a strong boost to job creation.

另一方面,消费的主导作用,服务业成为第一大产业的优势在不断显现,智能通讯、手机、新能源汽车等新兴消费迅速扩大,旅游、文化、体育、健康、养老“五大幸福产业”快速发展,既拉动了消费增长,也促进了消费升级。还有一个方面就是和本次会议主题有关的,中国的新技术、新业态、新经济在快速增长,高端制造业、电子商务等一些转型升级的产业也在快速发展。新产业增长快的企业、行业、地区保持着良好的势头。总的来看,中国经济的结构在优化、质量在提升、动能在积蓄。

The leading role of consumption and services is becoming more visible. New areas of consumption such as information and communication, smart phones and new energy vehicles are rapidly expanding. The five "happiness industries" of tourism, culture, sports, health and old-age care are rapidly growing. The service sector has grown into the biggest industry in the national economy, both in terms of its output and the number of jobs it created. An innovation-driven economy is brimming with vitality. High-tech industries, high-end manufacturing, e-commerce and other new business forms are booming. Enterprises, sectors and regions that have made an early start in economic transformation and upgrading and that embrace faster growth of new industries have all taken on a sound momentum of growth. On the whole, the Chinese economy is better structured; its quality is improving and a stronger momentum is being gathered.

当然,我们也认识到,由于国际环境复杂严峻、国内长期积累的深层次矛盾凸显,中国经济稳定运行的基础并不牢固。外需对增长的拉动力减弱,民间投资和制造业投资乏力,金融等领域存在着风险隐患,一些产能严重过剩行业和经济结构单一地区矛盾较多,经济下行的压力仍然较大,困难不可低估。我们正视困难、坦承困难,恰恰表明我们有决心克服困难,有能力战胜困难,中国经济的希望将始终大于困难。

We are also aware that given the complex and challenging international environment and the deep-seated domestic problems accumulated over the years, the foundation underpinning stable performance of the Chinese economy is yet to be strengthened. The driving effect of external demand on growth is waning. Private and manufacturing investments are sluggish. Latent risks still exist in the financial and other sectors. In some industries with serious overcapacity and regions with monotonous economic structure, there have been relatively more problems. Downward economic pressure remains and the difficulties are not to be underestimated. However, the fact that we have recognized and stood up to challenges shows that we have the determination and ability to overcome difficulties. For the Chinese economy, there is always more hope than difficulties.

当前中国经济发展的基本面没有改变,宏观政策也将保持连续性和稳定性。同时将继续创新宏观调控方式,加力增效实施积极的财政政策,灵活适度实施稳健的货币政策,把资源更多地引向有利于补短板、增后劲、上水平的领域,引向有利于促进转型升级的领域。

The fundamentals of the Chinese economy have remained unchanged, and our macro policies will maintain continuity and stability. In the meantime, we will continue to innovate means of macro control, implement the proactive fiscal policy with greater intensity and efficiency, and carry out the prudent monetary policy in a flexible and appropriate fashion. We will channel more resources into areas that help strengthen weak links, increase the momentum of development and take development to a higher level, as well as into areas of the new economy that serve to promote economic transformation and upgrading.

现在,中国政府的负债率是40%左右,但中央政府的负债率是16%左右,在世界主要经济体当中都是比较低的。这表明实施积极的财政政策是有空间的,居民储存率高,发展多层次资本市场是有效的,完善金融调控手段,优化金融配置有很大余地,可以创造条件,运用市场化、法制化的方式逐步降低企业的杠杆率和融资成本。我们不仅有足够的政策工具,保持经济运行在合理区间,而且有充分的能力防范住系统性、区域性风险。

The current debt ratio for the Chinese government is around 40 percent, and is only around 16 percent for the central government, lower than many other major economies. This has given us space for a proactive fiscal policy. A high savings rate in China means huge potential for the development of multi-tiered capital markets. It also means major leeway for improving financial regulation methods and financial resource allocation. We are in a position to create conditions to gradually lower corporate leverage ratio and financing costs in a market-based and law-based manner. We not only have sufficient policy tools to keep economic performance within the reasonable range. We also have strong ability to prevent systemic or regional risks.

在调整转型时期,中国经济增长短期难免有起伏波动,传统的数据会有这样那样的变化,但是也要看到,新经济的成长带来的新变化还有许多不在我们视野之内。我们通过推动结构调整来促进结构转型,保持经济运行在合理区间,中国经济不会“硬着陆”,今年能够实现全年经济社会发展的主要预期目标。

In the stage of transition, short-term fluctuations of economic growth are hardly avoidable, but the Chinese economy will not head for a "hard landing". And we will be able to achieve the main economic and social development targets set for this year.

中国经济发展潜力大、优势足、空间广,前景光明。我们是世界上最大的发展中国家,但是我们有9亿多劳动力,有1.7亿多受过高等教育和有专业技能的人才,我们还是世界第一大制造国,是货物贸易和服务贸易的大国,也是吸引外资和对外投资的大国。中国还是世界上第二大消费市场,中等收入群体数以亿计,而且在不断地增长。

Looking ahead, the Chinese economy has huge potential, strong advantage, broad space and bright prospect. China has a 900 million strong workforce, among whom 170 million have received higher education or training in professional skills. Every year we produce over seven million college graduates and over five million graduates from secondary vocational schools. We are No.1 in the world in terms of the number of science professionals and No.2 in R&D input, with an input of over RMB 1 trillion made last year. China is the second biggest economy, the largest manufacturing country, a major trading nation in goods and services, and a major destination and source of foreign investment. It is also the world's second largest consumer market. Its middle-income population is in the hundreds of millions and is still expanding.

农村的贫困人口也在逐年减少,城镇常住人口每年增加上千万,这是一个在世界上极具增长潜力的新兴市场,是一个可以开发人的潜能的巨大舞台。外国的投资者,当然也包括我们国内的投资者应该抓住这个机遇,一展身手。我们对中国经济,不论是当前还是未来,都持乐观态度。乐观是充满信心的表现,在市场经济条件下,信心引导预期,本身就是巨大的力量。

The number of the rural poor is falling year by year, while that of permanent urban residents is growing by over 10 million each year. All these make China a major emerging market with the biggest growth potential. It makes China a big stage where people from every corner could tap into their intellectual potential and start their business. We are optimistic about the current state and future prospect of the Chinese economy. Optimism is a sign of confidence, and in market economy conditions, confidence guides people's expectations. This in itself generates powerful strength.

女士们、先生们!

Ladies and Gentlemen,

中国经济正处于新旧动能接续转换、经济转型升级的关键时期。我们将坚持发展第一要务,坚持稳中求进工作总基调,落实创新、协调、绿色、开放、共享的发展理念,在适度扩大总需求的同时,坚定不移地推进供给侧结构性改革,抓好去产能、去库存、去杠杆、降成本、补短板,推动发展从过度依赖自然资源向更多依靠人力资源和创新驱动转变,使中国经济持续保持中高速增长,迈向中高端水平。

The Chinese economy is at a crucial stage of transition from old to new growth drivers and a stage of economic transformation and upgrading. We will focus on development as the top priority and promote steady progress as we pursue innovative, coordinated, green, open and shared development. We will ensure that the government's macro policies are stable, industrial policies are well-targeted, micro policies are flexible, reform policies are solid and social policies meet people's basic needs. While appropriately expanding aggregate demand, we will steadfastly advance supply-side structural reform, concentrate on cutting overcapacity, reducing inventory, deleveraging, lowering costs and strengthening weak links, so that China's development could be less reliant on natural resources and be more driven by human resources and innovation. This will enable the Chinese economy to maintain medium-high growth rates and move to medium-high development levels.

我们将以创新引领经济转型升级。创新是发展的第一动力,是供给侧结构性改革的重要内容。我们要深入实施创新驱动发展战略,加快建设创新型国家,要运用好创新的理念,就需要发展新经济,培育新动能,就需要推进大众创业、万众创新。要进一步推进“互联网+”行动,广泛运用物联网、大数据、云计算等新一代信息技术,促进不同领域融合发展,催生更多的新产业、新业态、新模式,推出更加符合市场需要的新产品和新服务,打造众创、众包、众扶、众筹的平台,汇聚各方面力量加速创新的进程,培育新的经济增长点。

We will guide economic transformation and upgrading through innovation. Innovation is the primary driver of development and an important part of supply-side structural reform. We need to further implement the innovation-driven development strategy, and step up efforts to build an innovation-driven country and a strong country in science and technology, so as to provide robust support for economic transformation and upgrading. We will accelerate the development of the new economy and cultivate new growth drivers. We will vigorously advance innovation in science and technology, work for breakthroughs in major, key technologies, and promote the commercialization of innovation results. We will also advocate mass entrepreneurship and innovation, further promote the "Internet+" strategy, extensively apply the new generation of information technologies such as the Internet of Things, big data and cloud computing. We will promote integrated development of different sectors and facilitate the emergence of more new industries, new forms of business and new business models. It is also necessary to roll out new products and services that better meet the needs of the market and build platforms for mass innovation, crowd sourcing, collective support and crowd funding. This way, we could pool strengths to accelerate innovation and cultivate new areas of economic growth.

昨天我去考察了天津一家只有270多人的公司,但是它建造了一个云计算的平台,这个平台上注册的软件工程师有20多万,这些软件工程师可以通过这个平台提供他们新的设计,这个公司也可以通过这个平台向他们寻求解决方案,而且他们有一个公平的分配模式。我们说发展新动能并不代表着不需要传统产业的改造。实际上新经济也在改造着传统的产业。我刚才举例的这家公司,他服务的是4万家企业,这里面大多数是传统的制造业,其中15%以上是大企业,它主要为这些大企业的装备产品进行智能改造,提供软件等服务,使它们能够智能化、个性化,更加符合市场的需求。诸如此类的企业在中国如雨后春笋般地兴起,表明新的动能和旧的动能,或者说和传统动能正在融为一体,他们共同推进着新的经济结构形成。

我们倡导创新的理念,也包含着共享的精神和理念,共享经济也是众创经济。全球化深入发展和互联网日益普及,为人民群众创业创新提供了广阔的空间和舞台。我们将通过推动“双创”,把精英和草根、线上和线下、企业和科研院所的创新活动融合起来,以千千万万市场主体的“微行为”,汇成创新发展的“众力量”。高效率地汇集和运用众智就可以形成众力,这样可以使科技研发、专业知识、工匠技能合作共享。共享经济也是众创经济,它可以让人人参与、人人受益,有利于形成合理的收入分配格局,为每个人都提供平等竞争的机会,壮大中等收入群体,也让每个人都有发挥自己潜能的机会,去追求人生的价值,促进社会公平正义。

The new vision of development that we advocate is also about developing a sharing economy. The sharing economy is one of mass participation. Greater economic globalization and the spread of the Internet have provided a big stage and broad space for entrepreneurship and innovation by the people. Through mass entrepreneurship and innovation, we will combine the innovation activities of the elites with the grassroots, the on-line with the off-line, and companies with research institutes, so that individual efforts of numerous market players will lead to greater synergy for innovation-driven development. If we could make full use of the Internet to efficiently match the massive amounts of information about supply with that about demand, we could then bring about cooperation among and sharing of R&D and professional expertise and skills. The sharing economy is something that everyone can take part in and benefit from. It could unleash everyone's potential, facilitate reasonable income distribution, expand the middle income group, allow more people, in particular the young, to fulfill their dreams through hard work, and promote social equity and justice.

我们将全面深化改革推动经济转型升级。改革依然是我们发展的强大动力,积极推进供给侧结构性改革是我们当前的重要任务。中国经济发展面临结构性的矛盾,供给和需求两侧都有,主要在供给侧,我们要用改革的办法推进结构调整,减少无效和低端的供给,扩大有效和中高端的供给,这既有利于经济转型,也有利于促进经济增长。

We will enhance economic transformation and upgrading by comprehensively deepening reform. We have relied on reform for the remarkable achievements we made in the past 30-plus years. And fundamentally, we must rely on reform if we are to remove the institutional obstacles hindering development and advance economic transformation and upgrading. We will firmly deepen reform to unlock market vitality and social creativity to a greater extent. We need to advance structural reform, in particular that on the supply side. The structural problems facing the Chinese economy are about both the supply and demand sides, especially the supply side. We need to advance structural adjustment through reform, reduce inefficient and low-end supply, and expand effective and medium- to high-end supply. This is conducive to economic transformation as well as growth.

其中重要的方面就是要淘汰严重过剩的产能,重点是抓好钢铁、煤炭等困难行业去产能,主要是运用市场化和法治化手段,严格环保、质量、安全等标准。去产能最大的难题是人往哪里去,企业要采取多种措施使职工转岗不下岗,中央和地方政府都要对职工分流安置给予必要的支持。产能过剩是一个全球性的问题,我们将主动采取行动去产能,这本身就表明中国是负责任的大国。

A major task for us is to phase out outdated production capacity and address overcapacity, especially in steel, coal and other sectors that face difficulty in operation. Initial progress has been made in recent years, as is shown in the lowering production of raw coal and crude steel, but our efforts must well continue. We will adopt a market-based and rules-based approach and apply strict standards in environmental protection, quality and safety. The biggest challenge is how to address possible layoffs in this process. Businesses need to take multiple measures to ensure that their employees will get reemployed. Both the central and local governments should provide necessary support to take care of the affected employees. Overcapacity is a global challenge. The fact that we have taken the initiative to cut overcapacity demonstrates that China is indeed a responsible country.

我们还要进一步推进简政放权、放管结合、优化服务改革,转变政府职能,来营造公平竞争的市场环境,坚决把政府该放的权放出去,能放给市场的直接放给市场,同时加强事中事后监管,而且还要探索包容有效的审慎监管方式,引导和支持新业态、新模式健康发展,对有些符合发展方向,但出现了这样或那样的一些问题,及时予以引导或加以纠正,消除风险隐患,但并不因噎废食,而是使之有合理发展空间;但对那些以创新之名侵犯知识产权行诈骗欺诈之实的,要予以严惩。我们还要开放政府公共服务的平台,最大限度地推进政府数据为社会共享,便利群众和企业办事创业,提高政府效率。

We also need to further streamline administration, delegate power, strengthen regulation and improve services. We need to transform government functions more rapidly, improve efficiency, and ensure a level-playing field for all players and a pro-innovation institutional environment. We need to give priority to "simplicity" by taking away undue government powers and delegating them directly to the market and society wherever possible. At the same time, we need to strengthen and innovate in market oversight, explore inclusive and effective prudential regulation, and guide and support the healthy development of new business forms and models. For those players that follow the right direction but have encountered problems, we need to give them prompt guidance, fix the problems and remove potential risks. We need to give them reasonable space for development instead of rejecting them outright. As for those conducting illegal operations or fraud in the name of innovation, we will punish them to the full extent of the law. We need to strictly protect intellectual property rights. We also need to promote the "Internet plus government services" model, and set up an open platform of government public services, so that government data could be shared as much as possible. This will make it easier for individuals and companies to get things done and start up businesses, and it will enhance government efficiency.

同时,我们将进一步推进对企业的大规模减税,推进金融改革,支持实体经济发展;推进国有企业改革,使其瘦身健体;放宽对民营企业的市场准入,进一步消除民营企业发展的各种障碍。

We will promote in a coordinated way reforms in the fiscal, taxation, finance, investment and other key areas. We have put in place a nation-wide reform to replace business tax with value-added tax. This major effort to cut taxes and lower the tax burden will facilitate the innovative development of modern service industry, SMEs and micro businesses. We will deepen the reform of the financial system, accelerate the improvement of the modern financial regulatory regime and increase the efficiency of financial services in supporting the real economy. We will also intensify reforms in SOEs, rural areas, investment and financing, foster a social credit system and unleash even greater vitality for economic development. The private sector is an important force driving economic development. We will do more to remove obstacles for private businesses, lift unreasonable restrictions on market access and strive to stimulate private investment.

我们还要以开放助推经济转型升级,中国无论发展到什么阶段,都需要和世界各国取长补短,互学互鉴,对外开放的大门会越开越大,我们将进一步提高开放型经济的水平,扩大服务业和一般制造业的开放,为外商提供更多投资机会,营造更加公平、透明、可预期的投资环境,只要是在中国注册的企业,无论是中资还是外资,无论是合资还是独资,我们都将一视同仁。

We will transform and upgrade the economy through opening-up. Opening-up, being one kind of reform itself, will in turn spur reform efforts. No matter how developed China will become, it will always need mutual-learning with the rest of the world, and it will open still wider to the outside. We will enhance our open economy, open wider the service sector and general manufacturing sector, provide more investment opportunities to foreign businesses and foster a fairer, more transparent and predictable investment environment. All companies registered in China, Chinese-funded, foreign-funded, joint ventures or independently-owned, will be treated as equals. Their legitimate rights and interests will be protected, and they will have access to better public services.

面对当前国际金融市场扑朔迷离的波动,我们将坚持以市场供求为基础,参考一篮子货币进行调节,有管理的浮动汇率制度。中国经济的基本面决定了人民币不存在长期贬值的基础,我们有能力保持人民币在合理均衡水平上的基本稳定。中国还将坚定不移地走和平发展道路,坚持互利共赢的开放战略,愿与各国一道共同推动包容平衡增长、绿色可持续发展。

Facing the current complexities and fluctuations in the international financial markets, China will adhere to a managed, floating exchange rate regime based on market supply and demand with reference to a basket of currencies. The fundamentals of the Chinese economy determine that there is no basis for persistent depreciation of the RMB. We have the capacity to keep the RMB basically stable at an adaptive and equilibrium level. China is committed to peaceful development and a win-win strategy of opening-up. We stand ready to work with all other countries to promote inclusive and balanced growth as well as green and sustainable development.

女士们、先生们!

Ladies and Gentlemen,

天津是中国的一个大港,也是一个可以参与世界级竞争的大港,从这里可以走向浩瀚的海洋。巨轮远航,需要持久和强劲的动力。我们愿与世界各国一道,紧紧抓住新一轮科技和工业革命的机遇,寻求转型的力量,共同打造经济增长新的引擎,推动世界经济在转型中走向稳定复苏,为人类社会发展创造更加美好的明天!预祝本届论坛圆满成功! 谢谢。

Tianjin is a big port in the world, where people could start a voyage to sail to the vast ocean. For a giant ship to sail far, sustained and strong driving force is needed. China will work with other countries to seize the opportunities brought by the new round of technological and industrial revolution. Together, we will build new engines of economic growth, promote steady recovery of the world economy through transformation and upgrading, and jointly usher in a better future for the development of mankind. I wish this forum a full success.

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